Production is simply the growing of crops and raising animals for food. Production involves many activities that take place on farms, ranches, orchards, and other distinct spaces. There are many different forms of food production, including vegetable, fruit, grain, and livestock for meat, eggs, and dairy. Production is influenced by critical factors such as soil and climate, as well as labor, capital, and scale. A producer may fit into multiple categories. Food production depends on both natural and human inputs. Inputs vary by the type of food produced, the scale of the farm, and production technique. Some food products may also be stored on a farm and undergo cleaning, grading, or processing. After production, food and/or food inputs are sold to distributors, processors, retailers, and/or directly to consumers.

Farming in Onondaga County

CNY is fortunate to have good natural resources, such as fertile farmland, and excellent farmers. Productive soils from glacier deposits in the Allegheny Plateau and Erie-Ontario Plain have made many types of farming possible. The Onondaga people traditionally grew crops and managed the land for hunting and gathering. By the late 1700’s European settlers began raising livestock, growing crops, and extracting salt from waterways. Today, the largest agricultural sector in Onondaga County is dairy, with 400 of 692 farms producing milk. Other important products include poultry and eggs, commodity corn, apples, and consumer vegetables.

We could run a better operation [in CNY] with more workers, but can’t afford that. And being a good steward of the land is tough with fewer people.

Farmer, Tully, NY